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发表于 2020-3-12 01:51:31 | 只看该作者 回帖奖励 |倒序浏览 |阅读模式
Unit 1 Can you play the guitar?

1.情态动词(can,can't, must,mustn't) 助动词(do,does,don't,doesn't),let后面接的动词用原型

2. play+ the/a/an/one's+ 乐器  play the guitar 弹吉他   play his guitar弹他的吉他

  pay +球类/棋类/游戏类    play chess 下国际象棋  play computer games玩电脑游戏

  play with sb./sth.和某人玩/  玩某物

  改错题:  Can you play the chess?      把the 去掉

           Tom always plays the computer games on weekends.  把the 去掉

           Lucy can play violin very well.   在play 与 violin之间加the

3.join 参加社团、组织、团体 join the +社团、组织、团体   be in 成为…成员

4.4个说的区别:say+内容     say it in English用英语说它

        speak+语言   speak English说英语   speak a little English说一点英语

        talk 谈论 talk about sth 谈论某事  talk with sb 与某人交谈  talk to sb跟某人说

        tell 告诉,讲述 tell sb(not)to do sth告诉某人(不要)做某事 tell stories讲故事

5.  want(sb)to do sth想(让某人)做某事

help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事    help sb. with (doing)sth.在某方面帮助某人

like to do sth. 或者 like doing sth. 喜欢做某事   

   need to do sth.需要做某事         help oneself to 随便享用

with sb’s help= with the help of sb在某人的帮助下

6.4个也的区别:too 肯定句末 (前面加逗号)


                 also 1.放在行为动词之前;  2. be /助动词/情态动词之后

                 as well 口语中(前面不加逗号)

7. be good at+ V-ing=do well in+ V-ing擅长于

   be good for 对…有益  (be bad for对…有害)

   be good to 对…友好  (good 可用friendly,nice,kind替换)

   be good with和…相处好


9.How/ what about+V-ing   …怎么样?(表建议)

10.感官动词(look, sound, taste, smell, feel)+adj/ like   

    改错题:It tastes well.   把well 改为good.


     Can you play the guitar or the violin?

     I can play the guitar.不能用yes或者no来回答

12.students wanted for school show(wanted表示招募,含有被动意义)

13.把某物展示给某人看show sth to sb=show sb sth  给某人展示某物

把某物给予某人 give sth to sb=give sb sth给予某人某物

       买某物给某人 buy sth for sb.=buy sb sth给某人买某物

14.be busy doing sth/ be busy with sth忙着做某事

15.be free= have time有时间,有空

16.have friends= make friends交朋友

17.call sb at +电话号码 拨打…号码找某人

18.on the weekend= on weekends在周末

19.English-speaking students 说英语的学生(带有连词符,有形容词性质)

20.do kung fu表演功夫

Unit 2 What time do you go to school?

1.问时间用what time几点?询问时刻,钟点when什么时候,几点..

   what time is it?=What is the time?几点了?

at+钟点    at 7 o’clock      at noon/ at night(during/ in the day)

on+ 具体某天、星期、特指的一天  on April 1st on Sunday   on school mornings/nights

in +年、月、上午、下午、晚上

2.时间读法:顺读法 at eight five 在8:05分   eight thirty 8:30  eight fifteen 8:15

             逆读法:分钟≤30用past    five past eight(8:05) half past eight(8:30)

                     分钟>30用to      a quarter to ten(9:45)

             整点用 …o’clock     7 o’clock(7:00)

3.3个穿的区别:wear 表状态,接服装、手套、眼镜、香水等

                put on 表动作,接服装

                dress 表动作,接sb/ oneself 给某人穿衣服        get dressed穿衣

4.from…to…从.…到…    between…and…在…和…之间     either…or… 要么…要么

5.(be/ arrive)  late for (school/class/work)

6.频度副词(1.放在行为动词前2.放在be /助动词/情态动词后)

always总是  usually通常   often经常   sometimes有时   never决不

7.一段时间前面要用介词for    for half an hour持续半个小时  

   wait for hours for the bus等公车等了数小时

8.eat/ have+食物+ for+ breakfast/ lunch/ dinner/ supper

  eat/have+ breakfast/ lunch/ dinner/ supper

eat/have+ a/an+形容词 +breakfast/ lunch/ dinner/ supper   

吃一个有营养的早餐  have a good/great breakfast


(1) Either Tony or his sisters wash the dishes.


   (2) Either Tony's sisters or Tony washes the dishes.


9.a lot of=lots of "许多,大量" 后面接可数名词的复数,或者不可数名词

   some 一些,后面接可数名词的复数,或者不可数名词

   many许多、大量,修饰可数名词复数  too many太多,修饰可数名词复数

   much许多、大量,修饰不可数名词    too much太多,修饰不可数名词

   much too“实在太”修饰形容词或副词

10.It is +adj+for sb +to do sth (adj修饰to do sth)做某事对于某人来说……

It is important for me to learn English.学英语对于我来说很重要。

11. It takes sb. +时间+ to do sth.  做某事花费某人…时间

It takes me five minutes to walk to school.走路去学校大约花费我5分钟时间。
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 楼主| 发表于 2020-3-12 01:51:49 | 只看该作者
Unit 3 How do you get to school?


①how 如何(方式),询问交通方式   How do you go home?  I walk/ride my bike.

②how long 多长(时间)答语常用“(For/ about +)时间段”     

③how far多远(距离)答语常用“(It’s +)数词 +miles/ meters/ kilometers/ride/walk..

例子:1.__ does it take you to get from your home to school?  从你家到学校大约花费多长时间?   

---It's about twenty minutes.大约20分钟

     A. How long  B. How far    C. How    D. What time  此处选A.

2. ___ is it from your home to school?  It's about twenty minutes' bus ride.大约20分钟的公车旅程.

A. How long  B. How far    C. How    D. What time    此处选B.

④how often多久一次(频率)答语常用“Always/ often/ every day/…”或 “次数+时间”等表频率的状语

⑤how many多少个(询问可数名词的数量多少)   

⑥how much多少(询问不可数名词数量的多少,比如牛奶、面包等);还可询问价格,多少钱

⑦how old 多少岁  (询问年龄)

why为什么(原因,由because引出答语)  what什么    who谁


  Mary wants to know where Bob lives.玛丽想知道鲍勃住哪里。

Mary wants to know how far it is from your home to school.玛丽想知道你家到学校有多远。

3.stop sb from doing sth阻止做某事

stop to do 停下来去做其他事    stop doing 停止正在做的事

4.what do you think of/ about…?= how do you like…?你认为…怎么样?

5.He is 11 years old.他11岁。

   He is an 11-year-old boy.他是一个11岁的男孩。

6.many students= many of the students许多学生

7.be afraid of(doing)sth  害怕某事   be afraid to do sth  害怕做某事  

8.come true实现

9.he is like a father to me (like"像",属于介词)他像一位父亲一样待我。

10. leave +地点  离开某地    leave for+地点 "出发前往某地"

leave sth.+地点  把某物遗忘在某地....

11.cross 是动词    across是介词  cross the river=go across the river过河

12.thanks for +n/ V-ing

Thanks for your help/ thanks for helping me.谢谢你的帮助/谢谢帮助我。



①by +交通工具名词(中间无需任何修饰)

   By bus/ bike/ car/ taxi/ ship/ boat/ plane/ subway/ train……

②in/ on +冠词/物主代词/指示代词 +交通工具名词

   in +a/ his/ the+ car  比较封闭的交通工具,用in

  On+ a/ his/ the+ bus/ bike/ship/ train/ horse/ motorbike敞开式的交通工具用on

③on foot 步行


①take + a/ the +交通工具名词   take a bus/ plane/ ship/ train

ride+ a/the/one's +bike

②walk/ drive/ ride/ fly to……(后面接here,there,home等地点副词时,省略介词to。)如步行回家:walk home      drive there 开车去那里

I take the bus to school.= I go to school by bus.我坐公车去学校。

She rides her bike to the library.=She goes/gets to the library by bike.她骑自行车去图书馆

   Tom walks home.=Tom goes/gets home on foot.他步行回家。

改错题:1)He takes the subway get to school.  此处应把get去掉。句子中已有谓语动词take.

     2)Tony goes to school take train.



①一般情况加’s    Tom’s pen           ②以s结尾加’    the teachers’ desk   

③表示几个人共同拥有,在最后一个名词后加’s  Mike and John’s desk

④表示每个人各自拥有,在每个名词后加’s        Mike’s and John’s desks

Unit 4 Don’t eat in class.


①Be型(be +表语),否定形式:don’t + be +表语        Be quiet,please.   Don’t be late!

②Do型(实义动词+其他),否定形式:Don’t / Do not +实义动词的原型+其他

Come here,please.   Don’t play football here.

③Let型(let sb do sth),否定形式:don’t + let sb do sth或者let sb not do sth

④No+n/ V-ing   No photos /mobile;No talking/ fighting

2. in class在课堂上    in the classroom 在教室     run in the hallway 在走廊里奔跑

3.be on time准时   be quiet 保持安静    keep quiet 保持安静   Don't be noisy.别吵

4.listen to music 听音乐   clean the/one's room 打扫房间

5.(have a)fight with sb和某人打架   read a book/ read books 看书  watch TV 看电视

6.eat outside出去吃饭    do (one's) homework 做作业

7.Must 与have to

(1)must 表示说话人主观上的看法,意为“必须”。

     have to 表示客观的需要或责任,意为“不得不,必须”,后接动词原形。


     have to 有人称,数,时态的变化,其第三人称单数形式为 has to ,构成否定句或疑  问句时借助动词do/ does。

(3)have to的否定式是needn’t=don’t / doesn’t have to (不必要);

must的否定式是must not/ mustn’t(一定不能,不允许)。

8.bring…to…带来....           take …to…  带走,拿走,带去…

9.practice (doing)sth练习(做)某事

10. wash/ do the dishes洗餐具

11.break/ follow(obey)the rules 违反/遵守(服从)规则

12.be strict with sb/ oneself  对某人严格     be strict in sth对某事严格。

13.make one’s/ the bed整理床铺

14.get to+地点,   reach+地点到达

  arrive in+大地点(Beijing/the city)   arrive at+小地点(bus stop),  

(如果后面接地点的副词home,here或there ,就不用介词in ,at, to)

15.  remember to do记得去做某事          remember doing sth记得做过某事

     forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事         forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事

16. have fun doing sth做某事很开心 enjoy oneself doing sth.做某事很开心

have a good/ great/ nice time+doing sth.做某事很开心 have time to do sth.有时间做某事

Unit 5 Why do you like pandas?


2.  kind①种类②善良的,友好的=friendly③有点..

    kind of 相当于副词,修饰形容词或副词,意为“稍微,有点”,与a little相近

a kind of 意为“一种”,some kinds of 意为“几种”,all kinds of 意为“各种各样的”。这里的kind 是“种,类,属”的意思,修饰名词

   Pandas are kind of interesting.   熊猫有点有趣。

3.Why not =Why don’t you+V原   你为什么不…?

4.walk on one’s legs/ hands    on 意为“用…方式行走”     go on a ropeway

5.all day 整天   sleep all day整天睡觉

6.来自be/ come from    where do they come from?=where are they from?

7.be in great danger处于极大危险之中be out of danger脱离危险

8.one of  +名词复数......   .…之一    The elephant is one of Thailand's symbols.

9.get lost迷路   be lost 迷路

10.with/ without  "有/ 没有"   属于介词

11.a symbol of……的一种象征    This is a symbol of good luck.这是好运的一种象征

12.由…制造 be made of能看出原材料    be made from 看不出原材料

            be made in+地点   表产地

13.cut down 砍到   动副结构(代词必须放中间,名词可放中间或者后面)

      cut it down   (不能说cut down it )     cut them down(不能说cut down them)

      cut down the trees=cut the trees down砍树

14.learn to do sth. 学习做某事


watch-watches   wash-washes      do-does    have-has

teach-teaches     brush-brushes     go-goes   relax-relaxes

cross-crosses     finish-finishes


bus-buses     watch-watches    dish-dishes   box-boxes


(3)以辅音字母+y结尾的,把y变i,再+es  story-stories   strawberry-strawberries


不可数名词: work工作,homework作业, housework家务 practice实践


16.an elephant  an animal  an exercise an+interesting/important/easy/English+名词

a uniform    a 10-year-old boy   an 11-year-old boy    an 8-year-old girl   


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 楼主| 发表于 2020-3-12 01:52:15 | 只看该作者
Unit 6 I’m watching TV.


其结构为be的现在式(am, is, are)+ 现在分词(V-ing)。




3, go to the movies去看电影

4, join sb for sth与某人一起做某事    join us for dinner

5, live with sb  和某人居住在一起      live in+地点"居住在某地"

6, other,another与the other

Other “其他的,另外的”,后接名词复数,有时other+n复数=others

Another “又一(个),另一(个)”,泛指总数为三个或三个以上中的任意一个,后接名词单数。

The other“(两者中的)另一个”,常与one连用,“one…the other…”表示“一个…,另一个…”

7, talk on the phone在电话上交谈

8, wish to do sth希望做某事

9, Here is+ n单      Here are+ n 复

Unit 7 It’s raining!

1. 询问天气的表达方式:

How’s the weather?   It’s a raining/sunny day.     It’s raining.

What’s the weather like?  It’s windy.

1, play computer games玩电脑游戏

2, How’s it/ everything going?=How have you been?

3, In/ at the park在公园

4, Take a message for sb 替人留言

Leave a message to sb 给人留言

5, call sb back给某人回电话

6, right now,right away,at once,in a minute,in a moment,in no time 立刻,马上

7, right now现在         just now刚刚(用于一般过去式)

8, over and over again反反复复

10,the answer to the question问题的答案,a key to the door门的钥匙

11,by the pool在游泳池旁

12,summer vacation暑假      winter vacation 寒假

13,go on a vacation去度假    be on a vacation在度假

14,write (a letter)to sb给某人写信



16,adj  以-ing结尾“令人…的”,主语是事物,或者修饰事物exciting,interesting,relaxing  


17,in the first picture在第一张照片里

18,dry干燥的     humid潮湿的

Unit 8 Is there a post office near here?

1,There is +单数可数名词/不可数名词+ 地点状语.     There are +复数名词+地点状语. 谓语动词要与跟它最近的那个名词一致(就近原则)。   There be句型的否定式在be后加上not或no即可。

注意not和no的不同:not是副词,no为形容词,not a/an/any + n. 相当于no+ n.

There be句型的一般疑问句变化是把be动词调整到句首

There be表示“某处存在某物或某人”;have表示“某人拥有某物/某人”

2,问路:①Is/ Are there ……near here/ around here/ in the neighborhood?附近有……吗?

②Where is/ are……?……在哪里?

③How can I get to……?我怎样到达……?

④Could/Can you tell me the way to……你能告诉我去……的路吗?

⑤Which is the way to……那条是去……的路?



Cross是动词,相当于go/ walk across

Through是介词,表示从物体中间或里面穿过 go through the door

Over是介词,“横过,越过”表示从物体上空越过,跨过 fly over

4,ask for help寻求帮助

5,in/ on the street在街上

6,在某条大街上习惯用介词on   on Bridge Street

7,across from在……对面,next to挨近,between…and…在……和……之间  behind在……后面

8,in front of在…(外部的)前面→behind在…后面    in the front of在…(内部的)前面

9,be in town→be out of town

10,be far from离……远    My home is far from school. 我家离学校远

11,go/ walk along  沿着……走  go straight  直走 ……   go up/ down顺着……走……

12,turn left向左转        turn right 向右转

13,on one’s left在某人的左边          on the left在左边

14,at the first crossing在第一个十字路口        at the first turning 在第一个拐弯处

15,sometimes 有时(频度副词)   sometime(将来)有朝一日,(曾经)某天

Some times 几次,几倍     some time 一段时间(前面用介词for)

16,free 空闲的  free time空闲时间

        自由的  as free as a fish像一条鱼一样自由

        免费的  The best things in life are free.生活中最美好的东西是免费的

17,enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事

18,Time goes quickly.时间过得飞快。

19,表“一些”在肯定句中用some. 在疑问句和否定句中用any。



Unit 9 What does he look like?

1,what does he look like?询问人长什么样,

回答:①主语+be+形容词/ 介词短语(he is tall/ of medium height);

    ②主语+have/has+形容词+名词(she has long hair)

what does sb like?询问某人喜欢什么

2,多个形容词修饰名词 (一般关系近的靠近名词;音节少的在前,音节多的在后。)


3,may be 为情态动词+动词原形,在句子中做谓语,


4,a little,little修饰不可数名词,a little表示一点点,little表示几乎没有

   a few,few修饰可数名词,a few表示一点点,few表示几乎没有

5, Find 强调找到的结果,look for 强调寻找的过程.

6,问职业:what do you do?=what is your job?

7,the same as→be different from

8,long straight brown hair

9,最后in the end(表事情结局)finally(强调次序)at last(强调经多番努力终于达成)

   By the end of 直到……为止

  At the end of在……末端/尽头

   Unit 10 I’d like some noodles.

1, 名词可分为可数名词和不可数名词(不可数名词作主语,谓语动词用单数)。

可数名词又分单数和复数。1一般+s;2以-s,-x,-ch,sh结尾的名词+es;3辅音+y,把y变i,再+es;4以-o结尾的,有生命的+es(negro—negroes;hero—heroes;tomato—tomatoes;potato—potatoes);无生命的+s;⑤以f,fe 结尾的名词,改f,fe为v+es(leaf—leaves;knife—knives)(例外:roofs,chiefs)⑥单复数同形:sheep,deer.不规则变化:man—men;woman—women;child—children;foot—feet;tooth—teeth等

2,would like sth. 想要某物

Would you like some …? 你想要一些……吗? ——Yes, please./ ——No, thanks.

would like to do sth. “想要做某事”。

Would you like to … ? 你愿意去做……吗?

—Yes, I’d like / love to./—I’d like/ love to. But I’m too busy.

would like sb to do sth “想要某人做某事”。

3,order:order food    take/ have one’s order

         In order to为了

         In the order按顺序

         Order/ book a room 预定房间

         Order sb(not)to do sth命令




5, the number of表示“……的数量”,后面接可数名词复数。做主语时,主语是number而不是of后面的名词复数,因此谓语动词要用单数;

a number of表示“许多”,相当于many, 后面接可数名词复数,做主语时,主语不是number而是of后面的名词复数,因此谓语动词要用复数。




7,one bowl of      two bowls of

8,what size(+n)would you like?   Large/ medium/ small

9,what kind of

10,大:big 体格大、笨重→small,little   形容具体的人或物

        Huge物体体积巨大=very big

        Large物体面积、空间、范围、数量大→small    不修饰人


11,肯定句中表并列用and         否定句、疑问句中表并列用or

12,around the world= all over the world

13,make a wish

14,blow out

15,in/ at one go

16,get popular

17,cut up(动副结构)

18,bring good luck to

19,different kinds of

20,be short of缺乏

Unit 11 How was your school trip?



否定形式:①was / were + not; ②在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原动词;




3, How was your school trip?= what was your school trip like?

4, Go for a walk

5, Milk a cow

6, Ride a horse

7, Quite a lot

8, Show sb around

9, 并列谓语的时态和数必须一致。

10,In the countryside

11,after that

12,come out

13,go on school trip

14,along the way

15,buy/ get sb sth= buy/ get sth for sb

16,all in all

17,否定转移(主语为第一人称I 或者we时)think,believe,suppose

18,be interested in +n/ v-ing

19,not at all

20,diary entry





Unit 12 What did you do last weekend?

1, go+V-ing与do some +V-ing

go+V-ing表示“去从事某种活动”(一般指户外)go shopping/ swimming/ skating/ dancing/ skiing/ climbing/ camping/ hiking……

do some +V-ing 表示“从事某种活动”(一般指室内)do some writing/ washing/ cooking/ cleaning/ reading……

2, go to the cinema

3, camp by the lake

4, study for a test     study for the English test

5, work as a guide

6, living habits

7, stay up late

8, shout at sb 因生气或愤怒向某人吼叫;

shout to sb 对某人大声叫喊,目的是让人听见

9, run away

10,fly a kite

11,adj修饰不定代词 adj要放后面   something important,anything interesting

12,take sb to…  带某人去……

13,put up tents

14,make a fire

15,on the first night

16,each other

17,get a terrible surprise

18,finish doing

19,look out of…从……朝外看(window,door……)

look out at sth 向外眺望……

look out for 留神、注意、小心、关心

20,feel/ watch/ see/ hear sb do sth强调整个过程

feel/ watch/ see/ hear sb doing sth强调动作正在进行

21,jump up and down

22,wake up

23,so +adj +that +结果状语从句“如此……以致……”

    eg:I was so busy that I didn’t go to sleep for 3 days.

The weather was so cold that they had to stay at home.

The coat is so expensive that I don’t want to buy it.

so that 引导目的状语从句,以便,为了(in order to)

eg:they got up early so that they could catch the early bus.

        I raise my voice so that I can make myself heard.

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